Marijuana also known as cannabis is a plant derived from cannabis plant (cannabis sativa). Cannabis sativa is a naturally growing plant which does well in virtually all climatic conditions. Cannabis have been in use for about a thousand years ago, though it was mainly employed for religious rituals and also for medical purposes. Over the years, several countries began to prohibit the usage of cannabis amongst their citizens.
In 1925, exportation of marijuana was prohibited to several countries and for a county to import the drug, a certificate which approves the importation must be issued which would attest to the fact that the drug is to be used exclusively for medical purposes. Mexico in the same year officially prohibited marijuana and in 1937, the United States of America officially criminalized marijuana and made the possession of the drug an illegal act except if it is for medical purposes.
Activist movement began springing up in the late 90’s advocating for a legalization of medical marijuana in about three states in the US. The bill was passed into law in 1996. Having legalized medical marijuana in about three states, other states in the US began to adopt the bill as well. But all eyes were on the legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes. But it is obvious it would still require more pressure from the marijuana activists group to bring it to day light.
In Netherlands, a law was enacted in 2013 for cannabis to be sold only to residents of Netherlands with the aim of combating drug crimes. This idea was meant to have a system of monitoring users of the drug in the country.
Colorado in 2013 became the 1st state in the US to officially legalize marijuana for recreational purposes. The legalization came along with a full regulation for adults. This decision boosted the revenue of Colorado that year. Upon legalization, public surveillance and awareness campaigns were flagged off to monitor public usage of cannabis.
Uruguay in South America broke a record by being the first country to legalize a full time production, sales and consumption of marijuana for both medical and recreational purposes. This came to law after a voting session in the senate in December 2013. Other countries like Brazil and Argentina still hold regulations against marijuana but they are certainly on the verge of making it legal.
Canada have suffered several down turns in the cause of legalizing marijuana consumption and free trade in the country. But forecast shows that marihuana for recreational purposes would be legalized in 2017. It’s indeed a hopeful year for the Canadians as well as the marijuana movement groups.
Legalization of cannabis would obviously bring about a reduction in violence as young adults would no longer have to smuggle or go through dangerous tides to access the drug. The legalization of cannabis would bring about employment opportunities for a greater percentage of youths in such a country where it is being legalized.
I feel it is easier to deal with legalized cannabis than deal with cannabis in the black market.